Did you know that the UK has around 40 different dialects of English, each with their own accents and slang? This can cause a great deal of confusion if you’re exploring the country, or even if you’re just looking to stream the latest British TV series.
Teaching slangs in an English language lesson can be a fun and engaging way to introduce informal language and help students understand the nuances of everyday conversation. Here's a step-by-step approach you can follow:
Introduce the concept: Begin by explaining what slangs are and their role in informal communication. Emphasise that slangs are commonly used in casual conversations and may not be suitable for formal settings.
Select relevant slangs: Choose a list of slangs that are commonly used in everyday English. Make sure they are appropriate for the age group and language proficiency level of your students. You can focus on slangs related to greetings, expressions, emotions, or specific topics.
Provide definitions and examples: Present each slang term along with its definition and provide example sentences to illustrate their usage. Encourage students to note down the meanings and context of each slang.
Discuss origin and context: Share the origins or cultural references associated with certain slangs if applicable. Explain how the context in which a slang term is used can affect its meaning and interpretation.
Practice activities: Engage students in various activities to reinforce their understanding and usage of slangs. Here are a few ideas: a. Role-play: Divide students into pairs or small groups and assign them specific scenarios where they can use the slangs in conversation. Encourage them to be creative and natural in their dialogues. b. Listening exercises: Play audio or video clips that include slangs and have students identify and interpret them. Discuss the context and meaning of the slangs together. c. Slang matching: Prepare a worksheet with a list of slangs and a set of corresponding definitions. Have students match the slangs with their correct meanings. d. Slang discussions: Choose a few slangs and initiate a group discussion where students can share their thoughts, experiences, or anecdotes related to those slangs. Encourage them to use the slangs in their responses. e. Slang diary: Assign students to keep a slang diary for a week. They can record any new slangs they encounter or use in their daily lives. At the end of the week, they can share their entries and discuss their experiences.
Role model conversations: Provide students with authentic dialogues or texts that include slangs. Ask them to identify the slangs, interpret their meanings, and discuss the overall tone and context of the conversation.
Language variations: Highlight that slangs can vary across different English-speaking regions or countries. Discuss variations in slangs and encourage students to explore different slang terms used in various English-speaking cultures.
Caution and appropriateness: Remind students that slangs are informal and should be used with caution. Teach them to be mindful of the appropriateness of using slangs in different situations and to be aware of their audience.
Follow-up activities: Assign homework exercises or quizzes to review the slangs covered in the lesson. You can also encourage students to continue exploring and sharing new slangs they encounter in their daily lives.
Remember to create a positive and inclusive learning environment where students feel comfortable asking questions and experimenting with informal language. Encourage them to have fun with slangs while developing their language skills.